Ganderbal is located at 34.23°N 74.78°E. It has an average elevation of 1,619 metres (5,312 feet). It' s bordered by district Srinagar in the south, Bandipore to the north, Kargil in the north east, Anantnag to the south east and Baramulla in the south west.
It is divided into four blocks viz, Ganderbal, Kangan, Lar and wakoora. Nallah Sindh, a major tributary to the Jehlum river flows through this district. The water of the river is mainly used for irrigation, and generation of Hydroelectricity. There are three
Hydroelectric Power Stations, Lower Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project Ganderbal, Upper Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project 1st Kangan and Upper
Sindh Hydroelectric Power Project 2nd Sumbal generating electricity on the river Nallah Sindh. Besides, the water of the river is used for drinking by the whole
Srinagar city through Rangil Water Treatment Plant. Water rafting tornaments are being organised at the world famous tourist destination Sonamarg every year,
to boost the tourism industry of Kashmir valley. Besides Manasbal lake,
Gangabal Lake at the foot of Mount Haramukh is one of the famous destination of foreign tourists visiting the valley.
The lakes of Vaishnosar and Gadsar Lake, situated north of
Sonamarg are the beautiful mountain lakes of the world.
District Ganderbal has 2 Assembly Constituencies:-